Xylazine should be used in dogs and cats when it is desirable to produce a state of sedation accompanied by a shorter period of analgesia. Xylazine has been used successfully as follows:
- Diagnostic procedures — examination of mouth and ears, abdominal palpation, rectal palpation, vaginal examination, catheterization of the bladder and radiographic examinations of head and extremities.
- Orthopedic procedures, such as application of casting materials and splints.
- Dental procedures.
- Minor surgical procedures of short duration such as debridement, removal of cutaneous neoplasms and suturing of lacerations.
- To calm and facilitate restraint of fractious animals.
- Major surgical procedures:
- When used as a preanesthetic to general anesthesia.
- When used in conjunction with local anesthetics.